commercial sex work, domestic violence and family disintegration are some of
the social ills that remain embedded in most rural communities. Villagers
residing in Arda Transau, a state owned farm turned residential area for people
displaced by mining activities in Chiadzwa’s diamond fields have argued that
these challenges are faced predominantly by women.
“These challenges date back to 2009 when villagers from Marange were
displaced to pave way for large scale diamond mining.People’s rights were violated,
they were relocated without adequate compensation and compensation procedures
were not properly followed.”According to Zimbabwe Diamonds and Allied Workers Union (ZIDAWU)’s official, Cosmas Sunguro.
Sunguro further highlighted that the villagers, particularly women, in
the resettled community felt disoriented and traumatised by verbal,
psychological and other types of abuse perpetrated by the military officials who
were actively involved in the forced displacement.
residing in the area have raised concern over domestic violence and sexual
harassment in their families attributing this to insufficient or lack of food
to feed the family among other basic necessities. Most of the families
relocated to Arda Transau from Chiadzwa diamond fields do not have income
generating projects that can assist them to fend for their families. The rate
of unemployment is estimated at around 95%, the community of Arda Transau has
not been spared.
her local language, Marry who resides in Arda Transau said,”lack of livelihood
projects to sustain their families has brought untold suffering in the
community adding that the government and former mining companies who relocated
them did not provide alternative livelihoods options for sustaining them.”
According to a
survey conducted in Arda Transau by the Zimbabwe Diamonds and Allied Workers Union (ZIDAWU) in
June this year, some of the women interviewed revealed that they are engaging
in commercial sex work to earn a living. If given other alternative ways of
survival, they confided that they would quit the trade. Women hardly have
access to employment opportunities in the mining companies to be able to
sustain their families.
In addition, most parents cannot afford to pay school fees and the
burden often falls on the mothers who have to take manual jobs to secure school
fees. The management at a local school in Arda Transau has also come under the
spotlight for sending pupils back home for failure to settle tuition fees. This
is in direct contravention of Section 75(1) of the Zimbabwe Constitution which
notes that; every citizen and permanent resident of Zimbabwe has a right to a
basic State funded education.
ZIDAWU argues that there is a need for continuous
engagement with communities that depend on and are affected by extractivism
while development partners and the government must ensure that mining companies
honour their obligations.